UNIX苹果电脑 家族及Linux




I am honored to be with you today at your commencement from one of the
finest universities in the world. Truth be told, I never graduated from
college. This is the closest I’ve ever gotten to a college graduation.
Today I want to tell you three stories from my life. That’s it. No big
deal, Just three stories.

The first story is about connecting the dots.  

   I dropped out of Reed College after the first 6 months, but then
stayed around as a drop-in for another 18 months or so before I really
quit. So why did I drop out?

   It started before I was born. My biological mother was a young,
unwed college graduate student, and she decided to put me up for
adoption. She felt very strongly that I should be adopted by college
graduates, so everything was all set for me to be adopted at birth by a
lawyer and his wife. Except that when I popped out they decided at the
last minute that they really wanted a girl. So my parents, who were on a
waiting list, got a call in the middle of the night asking: “We got an
unexpected baby boy; do you want him?” They said: “Of course.” My
biological mother  found out later that my mother had never graduated
from college and that my father had never graduated from high school.
She refused to sign the final adoption papers. She only relented a few
months later when my parents promised that I would go to college. This
was the start in my life.

  And 17 years later I did go to college. But I naively chose a
college that was almost as expensive as Stanford, and all of my
working-class parents’ savings were being spent on my college tuition.
After six months, I couldn’t see the value in it. I had no idea what I
wanted to do with my life and no idea how college was going to help me
figure it out. And here I was spending all of the money my parents had
saved their entire life. So I decided to drop out and trust that it
would all work out OK. It was pretty scary at the time, but looking back
it was one of the best decisions I ever made. The minute I dropped out I
could stop taking the required classes that didn’t interest me, and
begin dropping in on the ones that looked for more interesting.

   It wasn’t all romantic. I didn’t have a dorm room, so I slept on
the floor in friends’ rooms, I returned coke bottles for the 5 cent;
deposits to buy food with, and I would walk the 7 miles across town
every Sunday night to get one good meal a week at the Hare Krishna
temple. I loved it. And much of what I stumbled into by following my
curiosity and intuition turned out to be priceless later on. Let me give
you one example:

  Reed College at that time offered perhaps the best calligraphy
instruction in the country. Throughout the campus every poster, every
label on every drawer, was beautifully hand calligraphy. Because I had
dropped out and didn’t have to take the normal classes, I decided to
take a calligraphy class to learn how to do this. I learned about serif
and san serif typefaces, about varying the amount of space between
different letter combinations, about what makes great typography great.
It was beautiful, historical, artistically subtle in a way that science
can’t capture, and I found it fascinating.

  None of this had even a hope of any practical application in my
life. But ten years later, when we were designing the first Macintosh
computer, it all came back to me. And we designed it all into the Mac.
It was the first computer with beautiful typography. If I had never
dropped in on that single course in college, the Mac would have never
had multiple typefaces or proportionally spaced fonts. And since Windows
just copied the Mac, it’s likely that no personal computer would have
them. If I had never dropped out, I would have never dropped in on this
calligraphy class, and personal computers might not have the wonderful
typography that they do. Of course it was impossible to connect the dots
looking forward when I was in college. But it was very, very clear
looking backwards ten years later. Again, you can’t connect the dots
looking forward; you can only connect them looking backwards. So you
have to trust that the dots will somehow connect in your future. You
have to trust  something — your gut, destiny, life, karma, whatever.
Because believing that the dots will connect down the road will give you
the confidence to follow your heart, even when it leads you off the
well-worn path and that will make all the difference .

**My second story is about love and loss.  

**   I was lucky — I found what I loved to do early in life. Woz and I
started Apple in my parents garage when I was 20. We worked hard, and in
10 years Apple had grown from just the two of us in a garage into a $2
billion company with over 4000 employees. We had just released our
finest creation — the Macintosh — a year earlier, and I had just turned

  1. And then I got fired. How can you get fired from a company you
    started? Well, as Apple grew we hired someone who I thought was very
    talented to run the company with me, and for the first year or so things
    went well. But then our visions of the future began to diverge and
    eventually we had a falling out. When we did, our Board of Directors
    sided with him. So at 30 I was out. And very publicly out. What had been
    the focus of my entire adult life was gone, and it was devastating.

  I really didn’t know what to do for a few months. I felt that I had
let the previous generation of entrepreneurs down – that I had dropped
the baton as it was being passed to me. I met with David Packard and Bob
Noyce and tried to apologize for screwing up so badly. I was a very
public failure, and I even thought about running away from the valley.
But something slowly began to dawn on me — I still loved what I did. The
turn of events at Apple had not changed that one bit. I had been
rejected, but I was still in love. And so I decided to start over.

   I didn’t see it then, but it turned out that getting fired from
Apple was the best thing that could have ever happened to me. The
heaviness of being successful was replaced by the lightness of being a
beginner again, less sure about everything. It freed me to enter one of
the most creative periods of my life.

  During the next five years, I started a company named NeXT, another
company named Pixar, and fell in love with an amazing woman who would
become my wife. Pixar went on to create the world’s first computer
animated feature film, Toy Story, and is now the most successful
animation studio in the world. In a remarkable turn of events, Apple
bought NeXT, I returned to Apple, and the technology we developed at
NeXT is at the heart of Apple’s current renaissance. And Laurene and I
have a wonderful family together.

  I’m pretty sure none of this would have happened if I hadn’t been
fired from Apple. It was an awful tasting medicine, but I guess the
patient needed it.

  Sometimes life hits you in the head with a brick. Don’t lose faith.
I convinced that the only thing that kept me going was that I loved what
I did. You’ve got to find what you love. And that is as true for your
work as it is for your lovers. Your work is going to fill a large part
of your life, and the only way to be truly satisfied is to do what you
believe is great work. And the only way to do great work is to love what
you do. If you haven’t found it yet, keep looking. Don’t settle. As with
all matters of the heart, you’ll know when you find it. And, like any
great relationship, it just gets better and better as the years roll on.
So keep looking. Don’t settle.

My third story is about death.

When I was 17, I read a quote that went something like: “If you live
each day as if it was your last, someday you’ll most certainly be
right.” It made an impression on me, and since then, for the past 33
years, I have looked in the mirror every morning and asked myself: “If
today were the last day of my life, would I want to do what I am about
to do today?” And whenever the answer has been “No” for too many days in
a row, I know I need to change something.

  Remembering that I’ll be dead soon is the most important tool I’ve
ever encountered to help me make the big choices in life. Because almost
everything — all external expectations, all pride, all fear of
embarrassment or failure – these things just fall away in the face of
death, leaving only what is truly important. Remembering that you are
going to die is the best way I know to avoid the trap of thinking you
have something to lose. You are already naked. There is no reason not to
follow your heart.

  About a year ago I was diagnosed with cancer. I had a scan at 7:30
in the morning, and it clearly showed a tumor on my pancreas. I didn’t
even know what a pancreas was. The doctors told me this was almost
certainly a type of cancer that is incurable, and that I should expect
to live no longer than three to six months. My doctor advised me to go
home and get my affairs in order, which is doctor’s code for prepare to
die. It means to try to tell your kids everything you thought you’d have
the next 10 years to tell them in just a few months. It means to make
sure everything is buttoned up so that it will be as easy as possible
for your family. It means to say your goodbyes.

  I lived with that diagnosis all day. Later that evening I had a
biopsy, where they stuck an endoscope down my throat, through my stomach
and into my intestines, put a needle into my pancreas and got a few
cells from the tumor. I was sedated, but my wife, who was there, told me
that when they viewed the cells under a microscope the doctors started
crying because it turned out to be a very rare form of pancreatic cancer
that is curable with surgery. I had the surgery and I’m fine now.

  This was the closest I’ve been to facing death, and I hope it’s the
closest I get for a few more decades. Having lived through it, I can now
say this to you with a bit more certainty than when death was a useful
but purely intellectual concept:

  No one wants to die. Even people who want to go to heaven don’t want
to die to get there. And yet death is the destination we all share. No
one has ever escaped it. And that is as it should be, because Death is
very likely the single best invention of Life. It is Life’s change
agent. It clears out the old to make way for the new. Right now the new
is you, but someday not too long from now, you will gradually become the
old and be cleared away. Sorry to be so dramatic, but it is quite true.

   Your time is limited, so don’t waste it living someone else’s life.
Don’t be trapped by dogma — which is living with the results of other
people’s thinking. Don’t let the noise of others’ opinions drown out
your own inner voice, and most important, have the courage to follow
your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want
to become. Everything else is secondary.

  When I was young, there was an amazing publication called The Whole
Earth Catalog, which was one of the bibles of my generation. It was
created by a fellow named Stewart Brand not far from here in Menlo Park,
and he brought it to life with his poetic touch. This was in the late
1960’s, before personal computers and desktop publishing, so it was all
made with typewriters, scissors, and Polaroid cameras. It was sort of
like Google in paperback form, 35 years before Google came along: it was
idealistic, and overflowing with neat tools and great notions.

  Stewart and his team put out several issues of The Whole Earth
Catalog, and then when it had run its course, they put out a final
issue. It was the mid-1970s, and I was your age. On the back cover of
their final issue was a photograph of an early morning country road, the
kind you might find yourself hitchhiking on if you were so adventurous.
Beneath it were the words: “Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.” It was their
farewell message as they signed off. Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish. And I
have always wished that for myself. And now, as you graduate to begin
anew, I wish that for you.

  Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.
  Thank you all very much




苹果电脑,先是个旧事 关于串起生命中的点点滴滴


有1个不请自来的男婴,你们想收养吗?” 他们应对:“ 当然想。”


好奇心和直觉所做的业务,事后表明超越三分一都以最好珍爱的经验。笔者举3个例子:那1个时候,Reade高校提供了全United States最好的书法教育。整个学校的每一王彧报,每二个抽屉上的价签,都以卓越的手写体。由于已经退学,不用再去上那么些健康的学科,于是自个儿接纳了1个书法班,想上学怎么写出一手美丽字。在那么些班上,小编上学了种种字体,怎样转移分化字体组合之间的字间距,以及咋办出特出的版式。那是一种科学永远不可能捕捉的满载美感、历史感和方法感的神妙,笔者发觉这太有意思了。



第3个传说 关于爱与失去




   在接下去的5 年里,作者成立了一家名为NeXT 的铺面,接着是一家名叫Pixar



其多个轶事 关于驾鹤归西

在17 岁的时候,笔者读过一句格言,好像是:“


约莫一年前,作者被确诊出癌症。在中午7 :30




在小编青春的时候,有一本好厉害的杂志叫《满世界目录》(The Whole Earth
时期中期,个人电脑、桌面发排系统还平素不出现,所以出版工具唯有打字机、剪刀和宝丽来相机。这本杂志有点像印在纸上的谷歌,但那是在谷歌(Google) 出现的35

Hungry ,Stay Foolish.









No Comments, Be The First!